Some Facts about German Universities
Germany has been named by several international educational groups as one of the most supportive countries for students wishing to earn degrees in a country other than their own. Complementing this recognition is the fact that tuition charged by many German universities is minimal to none, further making studying in Germany an attractive and exciting prospect for students wishing to attend school in a country different from their own
At German universities, the master’s is the academic degree that follows the Bachelors. A prerequisite is that you have successfully completed a bachelor’s degree (or equivalent). During a master’s program, you can deepen and extend your knowledge or specialize in a particular field over two to four semesters.
Depending on the program, you are awarded the subsequent master’s degrees: Master of Science (M.Sc.), Master of Arts (M.A.), Master of Business Administration (MBA), Master of Education (M.Ed.), and Master of Science with honors (M.Sc. with honors).
Some of the top universities in the world are in Germany and are the oldest universities such as Heidelberg University (Ruprecht-Karls-Universitat Heidelberg, founded in 1386); Freiburg University (founded in 1457); Munich Technical University and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig. The majority of Germany’s universities are public and have zero tuition fees.
Teaching is emphasized in German universities over research, with research being the focus of independent institutes known for their traditional approach to the social sciences. For students who wish to pursue a degree in psychology, anthropology, philosophy, or sociology, acceptance into one of these research universities is extremely competitive and geared towards students who have shown exceptional talent and brilliance towards a particular field.
Another type of university popular with international students is the Fachhochschule (FH), University of Applied Science. Courses offered at a Fachhochschule are designed to prepare students for employment in particular professions that are not academic-oriented, such as information technology, nursing, and business. German states and their federal government also maintain several FHs that train students who want careers in civil service. Students cannot earn doctorates at a Fachhochschule.
Colleges of art, film, and music provide creative programs for students who desire careers in the fine arts, fashion design, graphic arts, and music. For centuries, Germany has made a tremendous contribution to the world of fine arts, literature, and music by producing such brilliant writers, artists, and composers as Mozart, Brahms, Hesse, Max Ernst, and Nietzsche and continues to be a powerful force in the world of the fine arts, filmmaking, and fashion.
Attending a German University
All students wanting to attend a university in Germany will need to provide a copy of their Abitur, a document also used in Estonia and Finland to designate the successful completion of final exams given in their final year of secondary education. While German citizens who do not have an Abitur can take another test called the Begabtenprüfung (literally aptitude test) in order to attend a university, international students, in most cases, will need to show ACT or SAT scores of at least 28 and 1300, respectively, to qualify for admission. High school diplomas similar to those earned in the U.S. are not considered the equivalent of an Abitur and generally will not promote a student’s chance of admission to a German college or university.
Some universities and colleges award scholarships to students to pay for books and living expenses. However, a law called Bundesausbildungsförderungsgesetz ensures that economically disadvantaged students receive up to 650 euros ($860 U.S.dollars) each month for the four or five years it takes to earn a bachelor’s degree. Typically, half of this amount will need to be repaid to the government as an interest-free loan.
Generally, the language of instruction is German, so students wishing to attend a German university should have adequate knowledge of the German language.
German Visas for International Students
For short stays of up to three months (students taking summer courses, for example), a Schengen-Visa is required to remain in the country. Students should be aware that they must leave Germany at the end of the three months if they choose to obtain a Schengen-Visa and should plan accordingly before applying for this type of visa.
National visas are necessary if you plan to stay longer than three months. Students should make it clear why they require a National visa and state on the form whether they are completing a doctorate or enrolling in a full program. In addition, the following documents will be needed before students can apply for a visa: letter of admission, health insurance card, proof of pre-admission examination results, and proof that you know how to speak and read German or that you plan to take German language courses as part of your curriculum.
Good command of German and/or English language is an essential factor for your overall success in your academic studies in Germany.
To participate in a Bachelor’s study program in Germany taught in the German language, you must attest that you’ve skills in such language of minimum C1 level of CEFR or DSH II.
Teaching lessons at the German higher education institutions are primarily delivered in the German language.
There are also international academic studies, which, due to their international format, tend to cover lessons in the English language. However, these programs often come in a combination with teachings in a German or further foreign language.
For that reason, higher education providers in Germany always require their foreign study applicants, to prove that they have an acknowledged language certificate for attesting their competence in such foreign languages.
Some of the more popular fields of study for a Bachelor’s in Germany are international relations, business, engineering, economics, and hospitality, to name a few. There are also options offered by universities that provide flexibility in scheduling, such as full-time, part-time, and online studies.. With raised awareness within the students’ community of obtaining nothing however the most effective education, FRG is often an associate possibility for gaining a Bachelor’s degree.
Coupled with varied cultural heritage, scenic beauty in conjunction with a large analysis based mostly on information, FRG features a large list of courses to supply. Having aforementioned that, it’s additionally vital for the associate aspirant to grasp if he/she is eligible for the course that he/she aspires to require up at the University. this is often primarily a result of German Universities have multi-level eligibility criteria. To alter identical, we have a tendency to gift eligibility criteria for admission to UG courses in FRG.
Two major attributes that the University would think about are:
- Subject experience
- Language Proficiency